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History

"Mound City"

St. Louis was a major center of the Mississippian mound builders and came into existence just nine years after the Louisiana Purchase. It originated with the Native American burial mounds that once were common in the city. The first settlement was established in 1699 and four years later a small mission called River Des Peres, meaning River of the Fathers was created. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark served as territorial governors of the area that included Missouri.

Developed primarily as an industrial city, St. Louis and was incorporated in 1822. The steamboat era transformed St. Louis into a bustling boomtown, commercial center, and inland port. By the 1850s, St. Louis had become the largest U.S. city west of Pittsburgh, and the second-largest port in the country. Immigrants flooded into St. Louis from Germany, Bohemia, Italy and Ireland. The Civil War shut down trade with the South and in 1876 the City of St. Louis voted to secede from St. Louis County and become an independent city.

St. Louis grew and prospered during the late 19th and early 20th Century. Many of the city's older neighborhoods were densely developed around the factories that formed the base of the city's economy. The downtown area has been the subject of urban renewal efforts and recently, The present day downtown has moved further south, yet the Historic downtown remains, and recent preservation efforts have been effective. The 1904 World's Fair and the 1904 Olympic Games was hosted by St. Louis making the United States the first English-speaking country to host the Olympics. St. Louis is also one of several cities that claim to have the world's first skyscraper as well as the first public demonstration of radio communication.


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  This St. Louis County and City website page is for History, Facts, Archives, Records, Museums, Exhibits, Documents, Genealogy, Libraries, Historians, Timeline, Research, Historic Preservation, Ancestry and Statistics in Saint Louis County, Saint Louis, Affton, Allenton, Ballwin, Berkeley, Bridgeton, Clayton, Crescent, Earth City, Fenton, Florissant, Frontenac, Glencoe, Grover, Hazelwood, Jennings, Kinloch, Lambert Airport, Lemay, Richmond Heights, Sappington, Bel-Nor, Bel-Ridge, Bellerive, Beverly Hills, Breckenridge Hills, Brentwood, Charlack, Glen Echo Park, Glendale, Greendale, Hanley, Hills, Hillsdale, Huntleigh, Kirkwood, Ladue, Maplewood, Normandy, Northwoods, Norwood Court, Oakland, Olivette, Overland, Pagedale, Pasadena Hills, Pasadena Park, Pine Lawn, Rock Hill, Sycamore Hills, University City, Uplands Park, Velda City, Velda Village Hills, Vinita Park, Vinita Terrace, Warson, Woods, Wellston, Bellefontaine Neighbors, Black Jack, Bridgeton, Calverton Park, Champ, Cool Valley, Country Club Hills, Dellwood, Edmundson, Ferguson, Flordell Hills, Hazelwood, Jennings, Kinloch, Moline Acres, Riverview, Saint Ann, Saint John, Woodson Terrace, Bella Villa, Crestwood, Fenton, Grantwood Village, Green Park, Lakeshire, Mackenzie, Marlborough, Saint George, Shrewsbury, Sunset Hills, Webster Groves, Wilbur Park, Chesterfield, Clarkson Valley, Country Life Acres, Creve, Coeur, Crystal Lake, Park Des Peres, Ellisville, Eureka, Manchester, Maryland Heights, Pacific, Town and Country, Twin Oaks, Valley Park, Westwood, Wildwood and Winchester. Places of interest in St. Louis County and City include Mississippi River, Washington University, Forest Park, Chain of Rocks Bridge, Mississippi Flyway, Cahokia Mounds, Mound City, Bella Fontaine, Castlepoint, Cliff Cave, Fort Bellefontaine, Kiener Plaza, May Amphitheater, Gateway Mall, Eternal Flame Park, Washington Square Park, Botanical Garden, Jefferson National Expansion Memorial and the Gateway Arch.

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